Saturday, December 31, 2011

WW1 Online Research - My TWEET's Page 3


 1 Nov - 31 Dec 2011

Trenchard's 'relentless and incessant offensive' (blatant self-promotion)  (1 Nov 2011)

First World War poetry digital archive  (2 Nov 2011)

Infantry combat: an analytical and synthetic study based on French regulations.  (5 Nov 2011)

Russian campaign of 1914 : the beginning of the war and operations in East Prussia.  (6 Nov 2011)

Dynamics of doctrine: the changes in German tactical doctrine during the First World War  (7 Nov 2011)

Battery action! : The story of the 43rd Battery, C.F.A (1920?)  (8 Nov 2011)

Training and employment of bombers [Grenades], issued by the British General Staff (1917)  (9 Nov 2011)

In Flanders Fields. John McCrae  (11 Nov 2011)

Summary of recent information regarding the German army and its methods. General staff (Intelligence) 1917  (14 Nov 2011)

The British Perception of WW1 (blatant self-promotion)  (18 Nov 2011)

Memoirs of the Marne Campaign of 1914, Hausen, Baron von  (20 Nov 2011)

The 60th C.F.A. Battery book, 1916-1919 ([pref. 1919])  (22 Nov 2011)

Over the top with the 25th; chronicle of events at Vimy Ridge and Courcellette (1918)  (23 Nov 2011)

R. F. C. H. Q., 1914-1918 (1920) Baring, Maurice  (27 Nov 2011)

Instructions concerning Battle Maps – [US] Army War College 1917 (Translated from the French edition of 1916).  (29 Nov 2011)

A ‘duty clear before us’ - North Beach and the Sari Bair Range  (30 Nov 2011)

Foch the Man; A Life of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Armies. Clara E. Laughlin (1918)  (1 Dec 2011)

Summary of recent information regarding the German army and its methods. General staff (Intelligence) 1917  (2 Dec 2011)

British Aerial Photography and Photographic Interpretation on the Western Front  (4 Dec 2011)

CEF Study Group: Recommended Great War Websites - 1 September 2010 (you will need to be a member to access this page... its free!!!  (6 Dec 2011)

Notes on German fuses and typical French and Belgian fuses. (Second Edition) 1918  (7 Dec 2011)

This has to be one of my best reads in the last 12 months: William Philpott ‘Bloody Victory’

A short history of the 39th (Deptford) Divisional Artillery 1915-1918  (9 Dec 2011)

Study on the development of large calibre, mobile artillery, and machine guns in the present European war (1916)  (13 Dec 2011)

War services of the 62nd West Riding Divisional Artillery (1920)  (15 Dec 2011)

The French 65mm Mountain Gun Model 1906 used by the ‘Chasseurs Alpins’ in the Vosges  (16 Dec 2011)

WW1 research ‘The London Gazette’:  (20 Dec 2011)

Experiences of Bombing with the Independent Force, 1918 by Wg Cdr J E A Baldwin  (21 Dec 2011)

Report on the effect of the bombing by the 8th Brigade and Independent Force, Royal Air Force (Railways)  (23 Dec 2011)

Report on the effect of the bombing by the 8th Brigade and Independent Force, Royal Air Force (Blast Furnaces)  (26 Dec 2011)

Report on the effect of the bombing by the 8th Brigade and Independent Force, Royal Air Force (Aerodromes)  (28 Dec 2011)

Report on the effect of the bombing by the 8th Brigade and Independent Force, Royal Air Force (Industries)  31 (Dec 2011)

WW1 Online Research - My TWEET's Page 2


 1 Aug - 31 Oct 2011

The Dardanelles, with maps (1919); Callwell, Charles Edward  (04 Aug 2011)

21st Division 1914-18...a divisional history  (06 Aug 2011)

Gallipoli Diary, Volume I, Ian Hamilton:  (07 Aug 2011)

Gallipoli Diary, Volume II, Ian Hamilton:  (09 Aug 2011)

Study on the Development of Large Caliber, Mobile Artillery, and Machine Guns in the present European War - Army War College: Washington November 1915  (11 Aug 2011)

The soul and body of an army (1921); Hamilton, Ian  (13 Aug 2011)

The crisis of the naval war (1921); Jellicoe, John Rushworth  (15 Aug 2011)

Sniping in France, with notes on the scientific training of scouts, observers, and snipers (1920)  (16 Aug 2011)

A plethora of WW1 photographs - Photos of the Great War: World War 1 Image Archive  (17 Aug 2011)

The German Air Force in the Great War compiled by Major George Paul Neumann:  (18 Aug 2011)

Tanks, 1914-1918; the log-book of a pioneer (1919)  (19 Aug 2011)

Men and Tanks by J.C. Macintosh (1921)  (22 Aug 2011)

At Suvla Bay by John Hargrave  (23 Aug 2011)

Canadian Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War: Nicholson, G.W.L.  (24 Aug 2011)

Ypres 1914; an official account published by order of the German general staff; Committee of Imperial Defence (1919)  (25 Aug 2011)

Sir Archibald Murray's despatches (June 1916-June 1917) (1920)  (26 Aug 2011)

The story of the Salonica army ([c1918])  (30 Aug 2011)

Specimens of British trench orders (1917)  (1 Sep 2011)

Visiting a Western Front battlefield?  Use this website as a planning resource, a great combination of contemporary material and current views.  (3 Sep 2011)

John French's despatches: I. Mons: II. The Marne: III. The Aisne: IV. Flanders, with a map (1914)  (5 Sep 2011)

Q-ships and their story (1922)  (8 Sep 2011)

Topography and strategy in the war (1917)  (9 Sep 2011)

A Survey of German Tactics 1918, Historical Section, General Staff, Tactical Studies, No 1:  (10 Sep 2011)

Manuals of emergency legislation. War material supplies manual (1918)  (12 Sep 2011)

Just a few WW1 links for you to follow: World War 1 1914 - 1918  (13 Sep 2011)

The Kaiser's memoirs, 1888-1918. English translation by Thomas R. Ybarra (1922)  (14 Sep 2011)

A Gazetteer of the main prisoner of war camps in Germany and Austria (published 1920)  (15 Sep 2011)

British railways and the Great War: organisation, efforts, difficulties and achievements (1921)  (18 Sep 2011)

Some Notes on Tactics in the East African Campaign: Brig Gen S.H. Sheppard. (RUSI Journal April 1919)  (19 Sep 2011)

Interested in WW1 tanks? Try this:  (20 Sep 2011)

French industry during the war (1926)  (22 Sep 2011)

Official diplomatic documents relating to the outbreak of WW1, with photographic reproductions of official editions of the documents (Blue, White, Yellow, etc., books) (1916)  (24 Sep 2011)

Notes on the New German Light Trench Mortar 7.6 cm. (3 inch) ‘Minenwerfer’  (26 Sep 2011)

The O. T. C. and the great war (1915)  (27 Sep 2011)

The Battle for the Hartmannswillerkopf (Vosges) January 1915 (blatant self promotion)  (28 Sep 2011)

Notes on the German Army in the war. Translated at the Army war college, from a French official document of April, 1917  (3 Oct 2011)

The Field Artillery Journal Archives dating from 1911. Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma:  (4 Oct 2011)

The Infantry in Battle: Small unit tactical examples from WW1, Intro to Ch 7  (5 Oct 2011)

The Infantry in Battle: Small unit tactical examples from WW1, Ch 8 - 15  (7 Oct 2011)

The Infantry in Battle: Small unit tactical examples from WW1, Ch 16 – 21  (9 Oct 2011)

The Infantry in Battle: Small unit tactical examples from WW1, Ch 22 to End  (10 Oct 2011)



Memoranda on Army General Hospital administration (1917)  (16 Oct 2011)

Canada's hundred days: with the Canadian Corps from Amiens to Mons, Aug. 8-Nov. 11, 1918 (1919)  (17 Oct 2011)

Gas and flame in modern warfare (1918)  (18 Oct 2011)

German notes on minor tactics (1918)  (20 Oct 2011)


The Interplay between Technology, Tactics and Organisation in the First AIF  (27 Oct 2011)

Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th Century Tactics, Doctrine and Organization, Part 1  (28 Oct 2011)

Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th Century Tactics, Doctrine and Organization, Part 2  (29 Oct 2011)

Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th Century Tactics, Doctrine and Organization, Part 3  (31 Oct 2011)

WW1 Online Research - My TWEET's Page 1


13 Jun - 31 Jul 2011

Field service regulations ... 1909 (1914) (13 Jun 2011)

British Tactical Notes (September 1917), CARL Digital Library,  (14 Jun 2011)

First principles of tactics and organisation, with reference to the Field service regulations; for officers and N.C.O.'s of the New Army Special Reserve and Territorial Forces (1915)  (15 Jun 2011)

Marshal Ferdinand Foch, his life and his theory of modern war (1919) (17 Jun 2011)

Sykes, F.H. ‘Further Developments of Military Aviation’ Flight Magazine, 14 February 1914, pp. 170-173 (18 Jun 2011)

Fuller J.F.C. Tanks in the Great War, 1914-1918 (1920)  (19 Jun 2011)

The Millstone (British Policy in the Mediterranean, 1900-1914, the Commitment to France and British Intervention in the War)  (20 Jun 2011)

An Aviator's Field Book - Being the field reports of Oswald Bölcke, from August 1, 1914 to October 28, 1916  (21 Jun 2011)

The Great Munition Feat, 1914-1918 (1921)  (22 Jun 2011)

Slessor, J.C.  ‘The Air-Land Battle’. RAF Spirit of the Air, Inaugural Edition 1 April 1918  (23 Jun 2011)

Defensive Measures in France. Report by Sir. D. Haig with covering Note by C.I.G.S. (04 January 1918)  (24 Jun 2011)

Attack: An Infantry Subaltern's Impression of July 1st, 1916  (25 Jun 2011)

The Somme Vol 1: Illustrated Michelin Battlefield Guide (1919 ‘ish’)  (26 Jun 2011)

The Somme Vol 2: Illustrated Michelin Battlefield Guide (1919 ‘ish’)  (27 Jun 2011)

Battle for air supremacy over the Somme: 1 June-30 November 1916  (28 Jun 2011))

Osprey Publishing commemorate the 90th anniversary of the Battle of the Somme.  (29 Jun 2011)

Australian Official History Vol 3 1916 (Covering the Somme)  (30 Jun 2011)

Sir Douglas Haig's despatches (December 1915-April 1919) (1919)  (1 Jul 2011)

1918: Defining Victory - Proceedings of the 1998 Chief of Army's (Australian) History Conference  (2 Jul 2011)

Before the War, Viscount Richard Burton Haldane  (4 Jul 2011)

Robertson, William Robert - From private to field-marshal (1921)  (5 Jul 2011)

Straits (British Policy Towards the Ottoman Empire and the Origins of the Dardanelles)  (6 Jul 2011)

The grand fleet, 1914-1916; its creation, development and work (1919) Jellicoe, John Rushworth  (7 Jul 2011)

The War in the Air - Official History Pt1 (1922).  (8 Jul 2011)

Ludendorff's Own Story, August 1914-November 1918 (1919) Vol 1, Ludendorff, Erich  (10 Jul 2011)

Ludendorff's Own Story, August 1914-November 1918 (1919) Vol 2, Ludendorff, Erich  (11 Jul 2011)

Notes on cooperation between aircraft and artillery during recent operations on the Second Army Front.  (13 Jul 2011)

Learning in Real Time:The Development and Implementation of Air Power in the First World War  (15 Jul 2011)

Trenchard’s ‘Relentless and Incessant Offensive’  (17 Jul 2011)

Superior Force (The Conspiracy Behind the Escape of Goeben and Breslau)  (18 Jul 2011)

Field service regulations (felddienst ordnung, 1908) of the German army. 1908 ([1909])  (19 Jul 2011)

Battle of Jutland, 30th May to 1st June, 1916. Official dispatches with appendixes (1920)  (21 Jul 2011)

Tannenberg "as it really was" Translated from German. Analysis from a leadership point of view of the Tannenberg battle.

Succinct summary of aircraft evolution during WW1:  Read the posts by 'Old Man'  (24 Jul 2011)

The Regimental Warpath 1914 - 1918: what an awesome online resource. (25 Jul 2011)

British Official History - Military operations, France and Belgium, 1914 (1922) Vol 1  (26 Jul 2011)

British Official History - Military operations, France and Belgium, 1914 (1937) Vol 1  (27 Jul 2011)

British Official History - Military operations, France and Belgium, 1914 (1937) Vol 2  (27 Jul 2011)

Experiences of a dug-out, 1914-1918 (1920); Callwell, Charles Edward  (31 Jul 2011)

Thursday, December 29, 2011

19th Royal Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment – Pt 2

Back to Part One
In the Vosges - 22 Jan to 2 Jun 1915
The Regimental Staff were quartered at Modenhein, the 1st Bn, 19th RIR at Illzach and the 2nd Bn, 19th RIR at Kingersheim. Despite heavy ground frosts the next few days were devoted to combat fire training. The sounds of the guns from the Cernay direction, the legacy of the fighting in August 1914 in the local area, especially the numerous graves of friends and enemies around the fields, the daily casualties heading towards Mulhouse from the “hole of death” and the French prisoners all foretold the seriousness of the task that awaited us.
4 Feb 1915 - Hartmannswillerkopf (Vieil Armand)
By the 4 Feb 15 orders had been received directing that the 19th Bavarian Infantry Regiment was to be subordinated to the Prussian 42nd Cavalry Brigade commanded by, General Heidborn. The Regimental Staff had left for Feldkirch and the 1st Bn (19th RIR) was to join them by 5 Feb 15. The 2nd Bn (19th RIR) was to follow on the evening of the 5th. The combat position on the southern side of the Hartmannswillerkopf (Vieil Armand) in the region of Rehfelsen, Sandgrubenkopf and Hirtzstein was the first occasion where the young Battalion had to show its courage and endurance in front of the enemy. Because the ground was very steep and rocky the front line, held until now by the 8th Prussian ‘Chasseurs’, 40th Landwehr and the 15th Uhlans, was far from being clearly delineated and defined. In addition the wet winter weather, a very steep sloped approach from Hartmannswiller under artillery fire, the difficulties of re-supply and the French ‘Alpine Chasseurs’ as enemies were the elements challenging the troops that demanded a strong will to overcome.
Major Veith’s 1st Bn (19th RIR) was first engaged during the night of 5/6 Feb 15 without loss. It was as well that vigilance and calm had been demanded as the cyclist Company of the 8th Prussian ‘Chasseurs’ withdrew with their lanterns lit and singing as if everyone was deaf. Major Neuhierl’s 2nd Bn (19th RIR) saw its first action over the next few days; 7th and 8th Companies during the night of 7/8 Feb 15 and 5th and 6th Companies during the night of 9/10 Feb 15. The Company activities had focused on reconnaissance and improving the position of their front lines. The reconnaissance patrols were noted for their success and bravery in particular Corporal Sigelhofer from 4th Company in the action against hill 908 on 7 Feb 15, also Lt Küspert, Lt Rosskopf and Sgt Major Flierl with elements of 4th, 7th and 8th Companies on 8 Feb 15, and Lt Lindner and Lt Rosskopf with men from the 3rd and 7th Companies in the Silberbachgrund area against hill 908 and the French blockhouse in the Wattwiller forest. But these actions were not without losses. Lt Küspert lost two of his men in front of the enemy lines. Lt Lindner, wounded himself, lost his Corporal Hötzl. WO Meiler 5th Companies patrol leader and Infantryman Glas were both killed on a reconnaissance towards Molkenrein on the 12 Feb 15.
However, the layout and strength of the enemy line had been clearly established and the French ‘Chasseurs Alpine’ holding the front line suffered losses as a consequence. The fact that on the 9 Feb 15 posts of 4th Company brought back two wounded French ‘Chasseurs Alpine’, a Sergeant and a Private from the 7th ‘Chasseur à pied’, proved very useful as the information gain from the reconnaissance on the 8 Feb 15 could be verified and our patrols on the 10th and 12th Feb 15 could benefit from invaluable information. The Companies were up to their task and the professionalism and spirit present amongst the officers and soldiers was evident during the patrols and in the individual actions, as illustrated by Lt Lindner who, although wounded in the back and hand, assisted by infantryman Drechsel with covering fire provided by infantryman Ohlinger, both from 3rd Company (1st Bn, 19th RIR), managed to bring back the fatally wounded Corporal Hötzl. On the 12 Feb 15 the Regiment was told that it was to be relieved over the next 2 nights, 12-13th Feb 15. When the Battalions, which had had 5 killed, including 2 officers Capt Bärmann, 8th Company Commander and Lt Lindner from 3rd Company, and many wounded, left the Prussian Brigade its Commander General von Heidborn published the following in his daily orders: “For the departing 19th Regiment which leaves 42nd Cavalry Brigade, I thank all the officers and men for the eminent services that the Regiment has provided in the sector whilst under my command. My best wishes accompany the Regiment and I wish it to be clearly stated in front of the Division and the Brigade so that the senior Regimental Commanders are informed of the value attached to their units contribution.
The 19th RIR was transferred by train from Bollwiller during the night of the 13 Feb 15, and on orders from the General Staff located in their castle at Herlisheim the 1st Bn (19th RIR) was split between Husseren and Eguisheim whilst the 2nd Bn (19th RIR) was split between Herrlisheim and Voegtlingshoffen, a separation that brought the Regiment a few days of rest. However, in the afternoon of the 14 Feb 15 the Adjutant of the Von der Tann Brigade gave the Regiment confidential orders which meant that Army Corps Gaede which included the 8th Bavarian Reserve Division was to be involved in one of the biggest battles in the Vosges.

Monday, December 26, 2011

19th Royal Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment – Pt 1

What follows is a translation of part of the 19th Royal Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment’s unit history found on the ‘Commune de Breitenbach’ website; whilst not a perfect translation it has served to help my research into the conflict in the Vosges during 1915.


Excerpts form official documents edited from the archives of the Bavarian Army. The 19th Imperial Bavarian Infantry Regiment according to the accounts of former soldiers from this regiment, compiled by two former commanders: Brigadier General Karl Jaud (retired) and Lieutenant Friedrich von Weech (retired) with 17 maps and 94 pictures [not included]. Published in Munich 1933.
19th Royal Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment in the Vosges from:
Part 1: 21 Jan to 2 Jun 1915
Part 2: 1 Jul 1915 to 12 Jul 1916

Part 1: 21 Jan to 2 Jun 1915
Translated [from German to French] by Elizabeth Buhl. Translated [from French to English] by Tim Slater.
Neuulm-Augsburg 31 Dec 1914 to 21 Jan 1915
On 28 November 1914 the Bavarian Ministry of War ordered the creation of nine new Infantry Regiments. These Regiments formed from fit volunteers were being raised in case of a protracted conflict against a numerically superior enemy. These Battalions were not intended to be self-contained units but were to be integrated into other Infantry Regiments as a fourth Battalion. Nevertheless on the 22 December 1914 the Ministry of War decided that these Battalions would form Regiments and when combined with other Arms would be the 8th Reserve Bavarian Division. These new Battalions had some advantages. With the exception of the senior commanders the officers and NCO’s were drawn from convalescing soldiers who had the benefit of front line experience. The soldiers were the best available being either battle experienced convalescents or intelligent young men at the end of their education.
Within the framework of the 1st Bavarian Army Corps, an infantry Battalion was created near to each of the four infantry Brigades, two in Munich, a third near the 3rd Brigade at Augsburg and a forth near the 4th Brigade at Neu-Ulm. The two Munich Battalions formed the 18th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment (RIR), whilst the other two Battalions formed the 19th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment (RIR). The Augsburg Battalion became the 1st Bn with the Neu-Ulm Battalion becoming the 2nd Bn. Each Battalion received a Battery of machine guns. Initially each Regiment had only two Battalions.
Before training could begin and the units declared operational there was a lot of work to do. Supplies and services had to be established and regulated, personnel had to be clothed and housed, substandard recruits had to be weeded out and sent to alternative units and the Company Commanders had to receive appropriate mounts. When training began on 3 Jan 1915 wet weather and sodden ploughed up exercise fields increased the difficulties. Further delays were introduced through a lack of experienced Company Commanders. It took 15 days to identify suitable individuals to fill the four Company Commander positions.
By 15 Jan 1915 all the difficulties had been overcome and each unit and individual had been taught the rudimentary skills necessary for combat. On the 14 Jan 1915 the Regiment formed at Augsburg was able to carry out routine manoeuvres with few errors under the eyes of their Brigade Commander Major-General Freiherre von Pechmann and their Divisional Commander Lieutenant-General Freiherr von Stein. The performance of the field artillery batteries and despatch riders was particularly encouraging. On the 20 Jan 1915 the 19th RIR paraded in the courtyard of the Prince Charles barracks and received its colours. The following day they set off to the railway station with an active strength off; 29 Officers, 14 ‘temporary’ Officers and Sergeant-Major’s, 4 Medical Officers, 2 Paymasters, 164 NCO’s, 2 Batteries of Machine Guns and 158 horses.
19th RIR composition 21 January 1915.
Regimental General Staff: Commanding Officer: Lieutenant Colonel Karl JAUD
Adjutant: Lieutenant Karl WAGNER
Equipment Officer: Adjutant Bruno ALBER

1st. Battalion
Commanding Officer: Major Heinrich VEITH
Adjutant: Lt. Wilhelm HAVERKAMP
Equipment Officer: Supply Officer. Joseph EBERT
Doctor: Chief Medical Officer. Wilhelm BRUNS
Medical assistant: Paul EPELER
Pay Officer: Pay NCO Max OBERMEIER

1st Company
2nd Company
Lt. (Reserve) Victor BUHL
Lt. (Reserve) Georg FÜRST .
Temporary Officer. Alois MAHR
Temporary Officer. Otto GAB
Temporary Officer. Eugen EINBERGER
Temporary Officer. Georg SCHUSTER
3rd Company
4th Company
Lt. Col. Wilhelm KOLLMANN
Capt. Karl SEITZ
Lt. Ludwig LINDNER
Lt. Theodor KÜSPERT
Temporary Officer. Xaver HUBER
Lt. (Reserve) Rudolf BERNHEIMER
Temporary Officer. Otto MICHELER
Temporary Officer. Josef MEERWALD

Machine Gun Section : Lt. de Rés. Georg KEIM
Temporary Officer. Florenzio Mac CARTY

2nd. Battalion
Commanding Officer: Major Rupert NEUHIERL
Adjutant: Lt. (Reserve) Karl FUCHS
Equipment Officer: Supply Officer. Michael GRAUVOGEL
Doctor: Medical Officer, Captain. (Dr) Jakob BERKENHEIER
Medical assistant: Siegfried ROUGE
Pay Officer: Pay NCO Philipp LEHNER

5th Company
6th Company
Lt. Col (Reserve) Otto KOLB
Lt. (Reserve) Richard ANGERER
Lt. Richard STIEHLE
Lt. Heinrich HOFMANN
Lt. (Reserve) Karl NONNENMACHER
Temporary Officer. Hans STREHLE
Billeting Officer. Martin LINDNER
7th Company
8th Company
Capt. Albert LEUCHS
Capt. Georg BÄRMANN
Lt. (Reserve) Theodor ENGELHARD
Lt. (Reserve) Martin SPERER
Lt. Leonhard ROSSKOPF
Billeting Officer. Karl GABLER
Temporary Officer. Georg SEUBERLING

Temporary Officer. Eugen WAGENSEIL

Machine Gun Section : Lt. Karl GRAU

On the 21 Jan 1915 at 13.25hrs the heavy rail transport convoys began their journey, initially in the direction of Ulm and from there, after a halt of two hours, they left at night (20.18hrs) towards an unspecified destination. At Sigmaringen it was clear that the route being taken was to the south and at 2pm the sentries wrapped in white fur and large trees loaded with snow proved that we were in the Black Forest. At daybreak we were driving at high speed towards Offenburg and Freiburg, around 11am we had crossed the Rhine canal near Napoleon Island and by midday had reached our objective of Mulhouse.