Sunday, December 4, 2011

British Aerial Photography and Photographic Interpretation on the Western Front - Pt 24

Back to Part 23


Primary Sources

The UK National Archives

AIR 1/7/6/98/20
Capt. Campbell's notes on aerial photography, (1915 July)

AIR 1/7/6/98/20
2nd Lt V.F. Bryce, Photographic Officer, 1st Brigade, BEF. Report. (1 June 1916)

AIR 1/123/15/40/144
Photography in the R.F.C. – Reports on Progress (31 Dec 1915 – 27 Apr 1916

AIR 1/687/21/20/School of Photo
Documents on School of Photography, Farnborough, R.A.F., (1915-1926)

AIR 1/724/91/2
Photography in the R.A.F., paper by Lt.Col. Moore-Brabazon., (1914-1918)

AIR 1/724/91/6/1
History of air photography, (1914-1918)

AIR 1/725/97/3
Branch Intelligence Sections with Army Wings and Corps Squadrons. (1917 Feb. - 1918 Sept.)

AIR 1/889/204/5/656
Supply of cameras: R.F.C. in the Field, (1917 July - Dec.)

AIR 1/2393/240/2
Record by S/L. W. S. Douglas of air photography, (1915 Jan. - Mar.)

AIR 1/2395/255/1
3 Squadron notes on aerial photography, (1914 Dec. - 1915 Feb.)

AIR 1/2397/267/7
The technical aspects of British Aerial Photography during the war, 1914-1918 by Charles W. Gamble.

AIR 10/200
Album of Photographs taken by the Royal Flying Corps, (1917)

AIR 10/320
Notes on the Interpretation of Aeroplane Photographs (February 1918)

AIR 20/6466
PERSONAL (Code 57): Treatise on the study and interpretation of aerial photographs Oct 1916 by Lt E Pepin presented by F C Happold, (October 1916)

AIR 29/727
No. 1 School of Photography, Farnborough, (1912-1944 May)

AIR 34
Air Ministry: Central Interpretation Unit, predecessors and related bodies: Reports and Photographs, (1916-1952)

AIR 34/735
Some Notes on the Interpretation of Aeroplane Photographs (December 1916)

AIR 41/6
Photographic Reconnaissance, 1914 - Apr. 1941 Vol 1, (1914 - Apr. 1941)

WO 95/155
First Army Methods for the Attack, (13 April 1915)

WO 157/114
Battle of Messines: Intelligence Arrangements, (1917 May)

WO 158/962
Intelligence Corps: organisation and establishment, (1917 Aug. 1919 Jan.)

WO 158/983
Notes on the French system of intelligence during the battle of the Somme, (September 1916).

Imperial War Museum

Stationary Services Publications

Artillery Notes Number 4, Artillery in Offensive Operations, April 1916

Instructions for the Training of Divisions for Offensive Action, December 1916.
The Division in Attack, November 1918.

Artillery in Offensive Operations, March 1917

Artillery Notes Number 3, "Counter-Battery Work," February 1918

Artillery Notes Number 7, "Artillery in Defensive Operations," February 1918

Instructions for the Training of the British Armies in France (June 1917)


IWM Private Papers

IWM Catalogue Number 12244 P215 & 66/321/3 & PP/MCR/C15

IWM Catalogue Number 9793 PP/MCR/107

IWM Catalogue Number 12230 PP/MCR/155

The Australian War Memorial

AWM4, Sub-class 1/30

AWM4, Sub-class 1/33

AWM4, Sub-class 1/36

AWM4, Sub-class 8/6

AWM4,Sub-class 16/5

AWM – Honors and Awards


General Staff War Office

Haig, Douglas (Eds Sheffield, Gary and Bourne, John)
Douglas Haig War Diaries and Letters 1914-1918 (London, Phoenix, 2006)

War Department Washington D.C.
Maps and Artillery Boards – Reprinted from pamphlet issued by the British General Staff December, 1916, (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1917)

Contemporary Material

Baring, Maurice
R.F.C. H.Q. 1914-1918 (London, Bell & Sons, 1920)

Brooke-Popham, H.R.
‘The Air Force’, RUSI Journal, 65 (Feb./Nov. 1920)

Campbell, C.D.M.
Letter Campbell to General Brancker ‘Photography at Home’, (16 March 1916), Medmenham Collection DFG7891

Flight Magazine ‘Editorial Comment’

Flight Magazine
‘Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing) at Netheravon.  The Concentration Camp’, Flight Magazine’, 26 June 1914, pp. 670-676

Flight Magazine
‘Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing) at Netheravon.  The Concentration Camp’, Flight Magazine’, 3 July 1914, pp. 698-700

Laws, F.C.V.

Lambert, C.J.
Letter to Constance Babingdon-Smith (23 December 1957), Medmenham Collection DFG 3410

Lloyd, Alan
Letter to Constance Babingdon-Smith; 3 December 1957, The Medmenham Club Newsletter, Autumn 2009, p. 48

Macleod, M. N.

Moore-Brabazon, J.T.C.
Letter to Squadron Leader Mayle, School of Photography RAF, (25 November 1959), Medmenham Collection DFG 1471

Sykes, F.H.
‘Further Developments of Military Aviation’ Flight Magazine, 14 February 1914, pp. 170-173

Thompson, Vivien
‘Stereo-Photo Surveying’, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5 (May, 1908), pp. 534-549

War Office, Geographical Section, General Staff

Winterbotham, H.S.L.

Winterbotham, H.S.L.
‘British Survey on the Western Front’, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 53, No. 4 (Apr., 1919), pp. 253-271

Secondary Sources


Ash, Eric
Sir Frederick Sykes and the Air Revolution 1912-1918 (London, Frank Cass, 1999)

Ash, Eric
‘Air Power Leadership: A Study of Sykes and Trenchard’, in Peter W. Gray & Sebastian Cox (eds), Air Power Leadership Theory and Practice (London, The Stationary Office, 2002)

Air Historical Branch
A Short History of the Royal Air Force (Air Ministry, AP 125, 1936)

Bacon, J.M.

Barker, Ralph
The Royal Flying Corps in France from Mons to the Somme (London, Constable, 1994)

Barker, Ralph
The Royal Flying Corps in France from Bloody April 1917 to Final Victory (London, Constable, 1995)

Beckett, Ian F. W.
The Great War 1914 – 1918 (Harlow, Pearson Education Ltd, 2007)

Bidwell, Shelford & Graham, Dominick
Fire-Power the British Army Weapons & Theories of War 1904 – 1945 (Barnsley, Pen & Sword, 2004)

Boyle, Andrew
Trenchard (London, Collins, 1962)

Brabazon, J. T. C.
The Brabazon Story (London, William Heinemann, 1956)

Charteris, John
At G.H.Q. (London, Cassell & Co, 1931)

Chasseaud, Peter
Artillery’s Astrologers – A History of British Survey and Mapping on the Western Front 1914 – 1918 (Lewes, Mapbooks, 1999)

Clayton, Anthony
Forearmed – A History of the Intelligence Corps (London, Brassey, 1993)

Cooper, Malcolm
The Birth of Independent Air Power (London, Allen & Unwin, 1986)

Crawford, O.G.S.
Said and Done (London, Phoenix House, 1955)

Cutlack, F.M.

Dockrill, Michael & French, David
Strategy and Intelligence, British Policy During the First World War (Continuum International, 1996)

Eaton, Hamish B.
APIS Soldiers with Stereo: An Account of Army Air Photographic Interpretation, (The Intelligence Corps Museum, 1978)

Finnegan, Terrence J.
Shooting the Front – Allied Aerial Reconnaissance and Photographic Interpretation on the Western Front – World War One (Washington, NDIC Press, 2006)

Griffith, Paddy
Battle Tactics of the Western Front (London, Yale University Press, 1994)

Hahn, J. E.
The Intelligence Service within the Canadian Corps 1914 – 1918 (Toronto, Macmillan, 1930)

Hammond, Bryn
Cambrai 1917 (London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2008)

Hart, Peter
Somme Success (Barnsley, Pen & Sword, 2001)

Hart, Peter
Bloody April (London, Cassell, 2005)

Hart, Peter
Aces Falling (London, Phoenix, 2008)

Hart, Peter
1918 A Very British Victory (London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2008)

Ives, Herbert
Airplane Photography (Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott Company, 1920)

Jones, H. A.
The War in the Air Volume 2 (Oxford, Clarenden Press, 1928)

Jones, H. A.
The War in the Air Volume 3 (Oxford, Clarenden Press, 1931)

Jones, H. A.
The War in the Air Volume 4 (Oxford, Clarenden Press, 1934)

Jordan, David
‘The Battle for the Skies: Sir Hugh Trenchard as Commander of the Royal Flying Corps’, in Matthew Hughes & Matthew Seligmann (eds), Leadership in Conflict 1914-1918 (Barnsley, Pen & Sword, 2000)

Jordan, David & Sheffield, Gary
‘The British Army and Air Power’, in Peter W. Gray (ed), British Air Power (London, The Stationary Office, 2003)

Kennet, Lee
The First Air War 1914-1918 (New York, Macmillan, 1991)

Law, Francis
A Man at Arms (London, Collins, 1983)

Levine, Joshua
On a Wing and a Prayer (London, Collins, 2008)

Marble, Saunders
Mead, Peter
The Eye in the Air (London, HMSO, 1983)

Messenger, Charles
The Day We Won The War (London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2008)

Moore-Brabazon, J.T.C.
The Brabazon Story, (London, William Heinemann Ltd, 1956)

Morrow, John H.
The Great War in the Air (Washington, Smithsonian, 1993)

Nesbit, Roy Conyers
Eyes of the RAF – A History of Photo-Reconnaissance (Godalming, Bramley, 1997)

Neillands, Robin
The Old Contemptibles – The British Expeditionary Force, 1914 (London, John Murray, 2004)

Neillands, Robin
The Death of Glory – The Western Front 1915 (London, John Murray, 2007)

Nicholls, Jonathan
Cheerful Sacrifice – The Battle of Arras 1917 (Barnsley, Pen & Sword, 2005)

Nicholson, G.W.L.,

Occleshaw, Michael
Armour Against Fate – British Military Intelligence in the First World War (London, Columbus, 1989)

Paris, Michael
Winged Warfare (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1992)

Porter, Harold
Aerial Observation (New York, Harper & Brothers, 1921)

Prior, Robin & Wilson, Trevor
Passchendaele the Untold Story, (New Haven, Yale University Press, 2002)

Prior, Robin & Wilson, Trevor
The Somme, (New Haven, Yale University Press, 2006)

Raleigh, Walter
The War in the Air Volume 1 (Oxford, Clarenden Press, 1922)

Rawling, Bill
Surviving Trench Warfare (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1992)

Robbins, Simon
British Generalship on the Western Front 1914-18, (London, Routledge, 2005)

Sheffield, Gary & Jordan, David
‘Douglas Haig and Air Power’, in Peter W. Gray & Sebastian Cox (eds), Air Power Leadership Theory and Practice (London, The Stationary Office, 2002)

Sheffield, Gary and Todman, Dan eds
Command on the Western Front (Staplehurst, Spellmount, 2004)

Simpson, Andy
Directing Operations: British Corps Command on the Western Front 1914-18 (Stroud, Spellmount, 2006)

Simpson, Andy
The Evolution of Victory (London, Tom Donovan, 1995)

Winter, Denis
The First of the Few (London, Penguin, 1982)

Journals and Periodicals

Broad, C.N.F.

Broad, C.N.F.

Broad, C.N.F.
‘Artillery Intelligence and Counter Battery Work Pt 1’, Journal of the Royal Artillery, 49 (4) 1922.

Broad, C.N.F.
‘Artillery Intelligence and Counter Battery Work Pt 2’, Journal of the Royal Artillery, 49 (5) 1923.

Campbell, James B.

Dye, Peter
France and the Development of British Military Aviation’, Air Power Review, 12, (1), (Spring 2009)

Little, Richard

Liddle, Peter
‘Aspects of the Employment of the British Air Arm, 1914-1918’, RUSI Journal, 131 (4), (December 1986)

Palazzo, Albert P.
The British Army's Counter-Battery Staff Office and Control of the Enemy in World War I’, Journal of Military History, 63:1 (1999:Jan.)

Price, Alfred
‘Air Power taken to its Limits and Beyond.  The Battle of Amiens’, Air Power Review, 4, (4), (Winter 2001)

Shepherd G. J. V.
‘The Interpretation of Aerial Photographs’ RUSI Journal, 70 (Feb./Nov. 1925)

Sutton, B.E.
‘Some Aspects of the Work of the Royal Air Force with the B.E.F. in 1918’ RUSI Journal, 67 (Feb./Nov. 1922)


Baker, Simon

Fahsi, Ahmed

Hannavy, John

Leggat, Robert

Smith, Neil


Electronic Media

Mapping the Front; The Western Front Association
Ypres – British Mapping 1914 – 1918.

Official History of the Great War 1914-1918
Military Operations France and Belgium.
Naval & Military Press, DVD, Release date August 2010.


[Accessed online 15 July 2011

Figure 2 - Boer War - British Camp Balloon Base (date unknown).

Medmenham Collection: Permission granted by Mr Mike Mockford.

Figure 3 - The Watson Air Camera 1913.

Flightglobal/Archive, Flight Magazine, 3 Jul 1914. p. 699
[Accessed online 20 May 2011]

Figure 5 - An ‘A’ type camera being handed to an observer of a FB5.

Medmenham Collection: Permission granted by Mr Mike Mockford.

Figure 6 - Neuve Chapelle 1915.
H. A. Jones, The War in the Air Volume 2 (Oxford, Clarenden Press, 1928) between pp. 90-91.

[Accessed online 17 August 2011]

Figure 11 - Vertical annotated proof print.
Mapping the Front; The Western Front Association Ypres – British Mapping 1914 – 1918.

[Accessed online 2 September 2011]
[Accessed online 3 September 2011

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